Sri Mulyani Sebut Dominasi BUMN Bisa Hambat Investasi Asing

BERITA RAKYAT –  Menteri Keuangan Sri Mulyani Indrawati mengatakan peranan Badan Usaha Milik Negara (BUMN) yang dominan di dalam perekonomian bisa menghambat masuknya investasi asing. Sebab, investor asing dipandang tak akan mau membawa aliran investasi ke Indonesia jika lingkungan bisnis tidak kompetitif.

Ia menuturkan Penanaman Modal Asing (PMA) masih merupakan faktor krusial bagi Indonesia lantaran mereka memiliki teknologi yang bisa menciptakan nilai tambah ekonomi. Jika PMA terhambat, kesempatan bagi Indonesia untuk meningkatkan produktivitas tidak akan tercipta jika pemerintah dan BUMN intervensi di struktur perekonomian Indonesia.

“Dan ini memang tengah menjadi isu bagi kami karena kalau mau meningkatkan produktivitas, maka PMA akan sangat penting. Tapi, investasi tidak mau masuk kalau negara dan BUMN terlalu mendominasi,” jelas Sri Mulyani, Kamis (1/8).

Sri Mulyani mengungkapkan isu dominansi peran BUMN memang sempat menjadi perhatian pemerintah setelah pelaku usaha juga sempat mengeluhkan hal serupa. Untuk itu, menurutnya, diperlukan kalibrasi ulang mengenai peran BUMN di dalam aktivitas perekonomian agar iklim investasi di Indonesia kian menarik.

“Memang harus ada kompetisi bisnis yang baik di dalam negeri apalagi dengan momentum yang sedang baik. Ketidakpastian ekonomi global mulai mereda, suku bunga juga semakin menurun, sehingga Indonesia perlu memberikan daya tarik yang lebih dibanding negara berkembang yang lain,” tutur mantan direktur pelaksana Bank Dunia ini.

Hanya saja, sambung ia, partisipasi perusahaan pelat merah masih dibutuhkan untuk melakukan penugasan yang memang tidak bisa dilakukan oleh pihak swasta.

Ia mencontohkan proyek infrastruktur sebagian besar diberikan ke BUMN mengingat tujuan pembangunan tersebut adalah mengejar ketertinggalan Indonesia dibanding negara-negara lainnya.

“Sebenarnya, kalau kami lihat ke depan, seharusnya ada ruang bagi swasta dan ruang bagi BUMN. Jadi yang terpenting adalah bagaimana menciptakan proses agar peranan antara swasta dan BUMN ini bisa seimbang,” tuturnya.
(AS)

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