Penyalahgunaan Obat Pereda Nyeri Banyak ‘Bunuh’ Remaja!

BERITA RAKYAT – Bak pil sakti, obat penghilang rasa sakit menjadi andalan banyak orang. Cukup dengan menelan satu pil, rasa sakit pun sirna. Namun, di balik ‘kesaktian’ itu, obat penghilang rasa sakit atau opioid justru menelan korban nyawa pada anak dan remaja. Angkanya dilaporkan terus meningkat dari tahun ke tahun.

Opioid merupakan salah satu obat pereda rasa sakit. Jenis opioid ini terdiri dari obat yang diresepkan, fentanil, dan heroin.

Penelitian terbaru menunjukkan sebanyak 9 ribu kematian anak pada 1999 hingga 2016 di Amerika Serikat disebabkan oleh obat penghilang rasa sakit ini. Dalam rentang 18 tahun itu, angka kematian untuk remaja karena keracunan obat pereda nyeri ini hampir meningkat tiga kali lipat.

“Penyalahgunaan opioid ilegal menimbulkan korban di semua lapisan masyarakat. Jutaan anak-anak dan remaja secara rutin terpapar obat-obatan yang kuat dan adiktif ini di rumah, sekolah, dan komunitas,” tulis peneliti dalam studi yang dipublikasikan di jurnal JAMA Network Open,

Obat penghilang rasa sakit yang diresepkan menyebabkan 73 persen dari kematian. Heroin bahkan membunuh 24 persen dari usia 15-19 tahun.

Hampir 81 persen dari kematian opioid ini tidak disengaja. Sebanyak lima persen karena bunuh diri dan 2,4 persen karena pembunuhan. Jumlah kematian akibat obat penghilang rasa sakit mencapai angka 500 per tahunnya. Sebanyak 38 persen kematian terjadi di rumah.

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